Tackling violence against women: classes from Tajikistan

It happens even when the sufferer tells the police she wants the attacker to be prosecuted and imprisoned. In 2014, the federal government adopted an Action Plan for the implementation of the legislation through 2023.

Despite some initial steps by the government to combat home violence, women’s access to the legal justice system was restricted, and companies to guard victims of home violence similar to shelters and sufficient various housing have been just about nonexistent. Women massively beneath-reported violence in opposition to them, fearing reprisals or because of inadequate response by the police and judiciary, resulting in virtual impunity for the perpetrators.

While the Family Violence Law does not precisely outline the term “centers for rehabilitation” [tsentry reabilitatsii], experts explained that this is an alternate term for the sufferer assist rooms which are located in hospitals, where victims of home violence can seek immediate medical consideration. The time period “rehabilitation,” showing extensively in publish-Soviet authorized techniques, refers to not criminal rehabilitation but the sense of regaining wellness and healing. Human Rights Watch interview with women rights lawyer (Name and Affiliation Withheld), Levakant, July 22, 2015; Human Rights Watch telephone interview home service provider, Khujand, July 29, 2015. Human Rights Watch assembly with representatives of CWFA, Dushanbe, September 6, 2016; Human Rights Watch interview with Shakarbek Niyatbekov, Dushanbe, August 4, 2015; Human Rights Watch telephone interview with women rights’ lawyer, Dushanbe, February 6, 2019. Our greatest gratitude is to the survivors of home violence who shared their stories with us and, typically actually, confirmed us their scars.

Across Tajikistan In 80 Photos

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They usually fail to research instances that occur in rural areas, the place there’s little government presence and where police might have to travel long distances to conduct investigations, telling victims it tajikistan mail order bride is their accountability to deliver the perpetrator to the police station. The Family Violence Law does not recognize home violence as a criminal offense, providing just for administrative legal responsibility.

Finally, after extra beatings and getting no assist from the police, Zebo and her kids fled from the southern city of Kulob to the capital, Dushanbe, and located a shelter for survivors of domestic violence, one of two in the capital and 4 in the entire nation of almost nine million people. There, Zebo received medical and psychological assist and legal advice on tips on how to acquire a divorce and recover her share of marital property.

Few women in Tajikistan are involved in catastrophe preparedness and humanitarian response decision-making. In some rural parts of the republic, about half the ladies weren’t employed outside the home in the mid-Eighties. In the late Soviet period, female underemployment was an important political issue in Tajikistan as a result of it was linked to the Soviet propaganda campaign portraying Islam as a regressive influence on society. In the early Nineteen Eighties, women made up fifty one percent of Tajikistan’s inhabitants and fifty two percent of the work pressure on collective farms, and 38 p.c of the industrial labor pressure, 16 percent of transportation workers, 14 % of communications staff, and 28 percent of civil servants.

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Still, Zebo has never been in a position to enforce alimony payments, nor hold her husband criminally answerable for his violence. The night earlier than her husband had beat her for 3 hours till her face, and his arms, were covered completely in blood. In a drunken rage, he threatened to strangle the couple’s two-year-outdated son.

She returned to her abusive husband repeatedly as a result of she simply noticed no different choices out there. Even in Dushanbe, the capital, and within the country’s second metropolis of Khujand, in northern Tajikistan, Human Rights Watch interviewed a number of women who reached help only by way of coincidence, luck, or the kindness of strangers. In practice, various international organizations in Tajikistan such because the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the Prevention of Domestic Violence challenge fill in crucial gaps. Unless the Tajik authorities amends the Family Violence Law to particularly criminalize home violence, victims of abuse should pursue criminal prosecutions by way of other provisions of the Tajik Criminal Code. Additional interviews with native officers, activists, NGO staff, and representatives of international organizations supplied context and details about coverage and law related to family violence.

In Dushanbe and Khujand, you’ll see women sporting the standard Tajik clothes pictured above (much like a shalwar kameez worn with free trousers), in addition to women wearing typical western and enterprise outfits. In extra remote elements of Tajikistan, you’ll be able to count on to see extra women wearing traditional Tajik attire.

He or she is required to have an academic talk about stopping future home violence as well as the results of it. A protective order is given to the abuser of home violence throughout the first 24 hours of the act of home violence or the reporting of such an act.

A man’s polygamous marriage to a second wife usually precipitates abuse of the first. On the optimistic aspect, the Family Violence Law recognizes the rights of victims to authorized, medical, and psychosocial help and individual remedies, including registering a case of violence and obtaining protection orders. Furthermore, service suppliers and civil society activists say that the law’s adoption has raised public awareness about the issue, and that it could be transformative if fully applied throughout the country. 996 of these filed were complaints against men, in contrast with 296 made against women.

A Guide To Tajikistan’s Fann Mountains

Azizova mentioned that a pre-nuptial agreement, currently very rare in Tajikistan, could possibly be a good means of protecting women’s rights. After marriage, a Tajik woman joins her husband’s prolonged family and relies on the safety of his relatives. Speaking of hierarchies inside the household, there may be, without a doubt, an imbalance of energy between the place of a mom-in-legislation and a daughter-in-law. They are, however, stuffed by totally different personalities who negotiate their personal ideas and boundaries on an on a regular basis basis. Mothers-in-legislation can be highly effective, however they may also be affected person and caring.

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When police do get involved in family violence circumstances, they typically achieve this with out adhering to international requirements calling for a survivor-centered response to home violence that prioritizes the survivors’ security and mental and bodily nicely-being. They typically mandate mediation for the couples involved, in distinction with international finest practices, which encourage arrest and prosecution. Even in the restricted variety of police stations trained in gender-sensitive strategies, the standard approach is for cops to sit down a survivor down with the attacker and devise an agreement by which the attacker promises to cease being violent, and perhaps to pay some compensation. This happens even when there’s clear evidence that a critical crime has been dedicated and when the sufferer expresses concern that she is at continued threat of abuse. It occurs when the attacks continue between mediation classes and the victim tells the police that the assaults are continuing.